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Kabristan Publications

Kabristan Archives is a small publisher specialising in books related to Irish and Indian graveyards and cemeteries. Kabristan books can be ordered direct from Genealogy Bookshop.

Visit our Kabristan Bookshop to place your order.

Genealogy Resources

We adding to our online genealogical resources all the time. Our Genealogical Dictionary, list of Genealogical Bibliographies, Parish Registers and Genealogy websites are now live.

Genealogy Resources

More than simply Genealogy Books...more than just an online bookshop

Genealogy Bookshopintends to become one of the foremost genealogy sites on the web, by offering access to awell organised, carefully researched and comprehensiverange of Genealogy and Family History Resources, alongside our extensive range of genealogy books.

We are currently compiling our Beginners Guide to Genealogy and Family History and developing a comprehensive Online Genealogy Dictionary, a list of Genealogical Bibliographies and a Guide to Parish Registers.

We also have some ground-breaking ideas up our sleeves, so please do visit us again soon.

British Census Records

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Civil servant at trailer park, census 1925Census records, along with civil registrations, are one of the main sources of information for family historians and often a good place to start your family history research. They also give an insight into the lives of our ancestors as you trace their movements and changes in occupation over time.


Genealogy Glossary: B

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Genealogy Dictionary Index Page


(abbreviation) black (indicating race).


(abbreviation) born.


(acronym) British Association for Cemeteries in South Asia : the primary organisation collating transcripts of inscriptions from churches and graveyards across Asia. Many BACSA publications can be purchased here.

bad blood:

sometimes used to decribe syphilis


public announcement of an intended marriage, especially in a church. In many churches, banns were read out on three successive Sundays.

bapt. :

(abbreviation) baptised, baptized.


a Christian sacrament in which one is anointed with or submerged in water and sometimes given a name, in ceremony admitting a person into Christianity or a specific Christian church.


I baptized [Latin]


illegitimate, see bastard.


illegitimate, born of parents who were not married to each other at the time of birth.

bef. :

(abbreviation) before.


to give or leave by will after one's death. Strictly, "a bequest" is used of personal property, and "devise" of real property.

bet. :

(abbreviation) between.


a list of sources of information (articles, books, and other materials) on a specific topic.  The citation for a book usually includes the author, title, publisher, and date. The citation for an article includes the author, title of the article, title of the periodical, volume, pages, and date. Some books are entirely made up of bibliographies. These are usually compilations of citations on a particular subject or by a particular author. See our guide to Genealogical Bibliographies.


an account of the series of events making up a person's life, written by another. Compiled biographies contain short biographies of a specific group of people; for example those that lived in a particular area or were involved in a particular profession.

birth certificate:

a copy of the official document giving details of an individual's birth, normally issued by the government body responsible for the registration of vital statistics within a particular jurisdiction. Usually includes date and county of birth, the name and sex of the baby, the mother's maiden name and (usually) the father's full name.

birth record:

details about an individuals birth. Birth records usually contain the name of the baby, the fathers name, the mothers name, the date of birth, and the county where born.


a written, signed and witnessed agreement or contract to carry out specific duties, which failure to perform may result in a penalty. Bonds appear in marriage, land and court records.


an innkeeper.


a term that relates to measuring man-made or natural features on the land.

bounty land:

land promised to military servicemen as an inducement for enlistment or payment for military services.

burial record:

any type of record or certificate that states the date and place an individual was buried. In the UK these records are available from 1538 onwards, and are recorded in Parish Registers.

British Censuses Online

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Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available onlineCensus records for England and Wales from 1841 to 1911, held at The National Archives at Kew, are available online through our partners. While it is free to search their websites there may be a charge to view full transcriptions and download documents.


Genealogy Glossary: C

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Genealogy Dictionary Index Page

c., ca.

(abbreviation) about or around, from the Latin word circa.


(acronym) Certified American Indian Lineage Specialist, a professional genealogical certification granted by the Board for Certification of Genealogists in the United States.


(acronym) Certified American Lineage Specialist, a professional genealogical certification granted by the Board for Certification of Genealogists in the United States.

canon law:

a law or body of laws of a Chrsitian church, governing the faith and practice of the members.

cem. :

(abbreviation) cemetery.

cemetery records:

names and death dates of those buried within a cemetery. Cemetery records may also include details of the names of the deceased's relatives and maps of the grave sites. In addition to paper records tombstones may contain birth and death dates along with details of other family members. See Monumental Inscriptions.


an official, usually periodic count of a population in a given area, often including the collection of related demographic information.  U.S. Federal censuses have been taken every 10 years since 1790, while in the UK the census has been conducted every ten years since 1801.

census records:

in addition to the name of the head of household, the names of all household members, their ages and occupations, census records may contain additional information including place of birth, ethnic background, property value, marriage information, education level, birthplace of parents, relationships between individuals and more.

certified genealogist:

a genealogist who has passed a test administered by a certifying organisation, and who subscribes to a Code of Ethics and Conduct.


a unit of length; a chain measures 66 feet or 22 yards or 4 rods or 100 links (20.1168m). An acre is the area of 10 square chains (that is, an area of one chain by one furlong). See

civ. :

(abbreviation) civil

civil law (or common law):

the body of law having to do with the private rights and remedies of individuals in which compensation may be awarded to the victim, as opposed to criminal law.


a supplement, appendix or addition to a will to change, explain, revoke or add provisions which overrule the provisions in the original will, without the intention of replacing the entire will.

collateral ancestor:

an ancestor not in the direct line of ascent, but descended from the same ancestral stock and therefore of the same ancestral family

collateral line:

line of descent connecting persons descended from the same stock, but from a brother or sister of an ancestor (for example, a cousin, niece, nephew, aunt, or uncle).

comm. :

(abbreviation) communion, communicant.

common ancestor:

any person to whom two or more persons claim descent or lineage.


 a person who receives or is entitled to receive Communion in a religious ceremony or service.

conf. :

(abbreviation) confirmed.


Confederate States of America; the group of 11 southern states that seceded from the United States in 186061 until its defeat in the American Civil War in 1865.


sharing the same lineage or origin; having a common ancestor. [Latin, com + sanguineus, of blood]


literally meaning common blood, describes the familial relationship between two individuals. The degree of sanguinunity measures how closely a person is related to another in the sense of a family.

consent affidavit:

written or oral consent given under oath by a parent or guardian (usually the father) in cases where the bride or groom was under the minimum legal age of consent to enter a contract of marriage. 


husband, wife, spouse, mate, companion or partner. Often used to refer to the spouse of a reigning monarch. 


a legal document or instrument, such as a deed or lease, by which the title to real property is transferred from one person to another; warrant; patent.


the child of an aunt or uncle (a first, or full, cousin); the degree of cousinship (first,second, third cousin, etc) indicates the minimum number of generations between both cousins and the nearest common ancestor (i.e. a person's nth cousin is anyone other than oneself or one's siblings found by going back n+1 generations and then forward n+1 generations). Earlier definitions may refer to a close relative, kinsman, or friend. See

cousin chart:

a table, also referred to as a table of consanguinuity, which identifies the degree of cousin relationship between two individuals using their most recent common ancestor as the reference point.


(abbreviation) Civil War, the American Civil War (18611865), also known as the War Between the States.

Censuses 1801-1831

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The first moden English census (1801) The first modern English census was taken on 10 March 1801. Subsequent censuses were taken on 27 May 1811, 28 May 1821 and 29 May 1831. Censuses started in Ireland in 1821 and in Scotland in 1841.


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